Introduction of Waterwheel Garden
The Waterwheel Garden, built in 1994, is located in the Binhe Middle Road in Lanzhou, Gansu Province. The garden covers an area of 1.45 hectares (3.58 acres) and is comprised of two waterwheels, a cofferdam, the recreation area and a house of water mill.In the garden, two huge waterwheels with striking appearances stand uprightly on the south bank of the Yellow River. They are modeled on the antique waterwheel, having quadrate buckets and a diameter of 16.5 meters (54.1 feet). In high water periods, they are driven by flowing water from the river; in low water periods, they are driven by water gathered by cofferdam. Owing to the two waterwheels and an advantaged position, the Waterwheel Teahouse attracts a lot of tourists. Here, visitors can appreciate the revolving waterwheels while enjoying a cup of tea. Moreover, the photo studio, stores and the house of water mill in the garden provide further entertainment and convenience for visitors .
Other Information of Waterwheel Garden
A typical waterwheel has a diameter of 16.5 meters. During the flooding season, it would sit on the southern bank of the Yellow River trundled by the flowing river. Other times of the year, water stored in the cofferdam in canals would be used to push the waterwheel. The theory of waterwheel is incredibly simple but smart: a number of water baskets are attached around the outer bound of the waterwheel; the water comes in from one side of the waterwheel; once filled with water, gravity together with the added weight of the baskets will turn the wheel and keep it rolling; the basket will empty itself and fill the wooden trough once it has passed the top of the waterwheel; the empty baskets will take more water while the trough will deliver the water for irrigation; and the process continues.
With 12 wheels of the Yellow River waterwheel in Lanzhou as main scenery, assemble the Chinese and foreign different forms, different styles of tens of waterwheels, Lanzhou Waterwheel Expo Park is currently the waterwheel theme parks which has the most varieties, the largest number of waterwheel in the world. Among them, the Yellow River Waterwheel in Lanzhou due to its unique structure, exquisite craft, bold style becoming the representative of the waterwheel and state-level intangible cultural heritage items.
Tips of Waterwheel Garden
1. As the landscape of the water, the Waterwheel Garden is prefered to be visited in warm days. The best season is in July while in the cold winter and the windy spring it is not recommended. Actually, the Waterwheel Garden is more like a museum than a garden. If you want to have a good look at the real ancient waterwheel, Shatoupo is a good place.
2. Recommended Time for a Visit: 2 hours