Hainan literally means "South of the Sea," separated from the mainland and south of Qiongzhou Strait, is the smallest province and the largest island in China. Hainan used to the place of exile for criminals and disgraced officials in the successive dynasties, particularly in Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties. Li People are the original inhabitants of Hainan Island. Now the Hainan population mainly includes Han, the Li, the Miao, and the Zhuang peoples.
The main island, Hainan Island, which shaped like a giant elliptical pear, is China's largest island after Taiwan. The capital Haikou City situated in the northern part of the island. It is the political, economic, cultural, and transportation center of the whole province. The other prefecture-level city of the region is Sanya, which is a hot destination for tourism. Hainan attracts consistent flow tourists both at home and abroad. Its convenient network of transportation allows people to get in and get around the island like a breeze.